Variable Speed Limits and Smart (Dumb) Motorways

The UK is in the middle of a program to implement Smart Motorways on various M and A roads. The intent of these is to allow the hard shoulder to be used as a normal lane except in the event of an accident whereby the variable speed limit signs will mark the lane as out of operation. This seems like a smart idea until you realise the competence of the current variable speed limits.

Variable speed limits can only work if the traffic is capable of travelling faster than the proscribed speed. They can only slow the traffic down. If the variable speed limit is set above the current speed of the road then it is wasting it’s time. This is the majority of uses of the variable speed limits. In addition these limits are kept in place far longer than the problem exists. I have frequently travelled through speed restrictions on the M25 where no broken down car or lose animal was visible. I call the problems these cause artificial traffic jams.

We have an organisation controlling the speeds on motorways that seems unable to reliably determine that a problem has been resolved. Given that this is a similar problem to detection when a breakdown has happen we will have no hard shoulders and traffic just breaking down on the roads.

Using The Database Migration Service

My team has recently completed a migration (or retirement) of 8 Mongo Databases.

Four of them were replaced with lambda functions. (see

One of the databases had no data to migrate (the data was transitory and had no value after used).

The last three required the used of the Database Migration Service (DMS). DMS is configured to follow a database and move over any updates to the new system. This allows for minimal downtime when moving from one database to another, especially when taking backups and restoring would be prohibitive.

The DMS is very quick to use (we had a slightly slower approach as we had to use Terraform to configure it and could only start the jobs using a Jenkins task).

One flaw we found was in the error handling. One of our databases (unknown to us) contained some text fields with the null character (\u0000). This is something that MongoDB can handle that DocumentDB cannot. The migrations failed, reporting the error, but gave no clue as to where to find the problem. This was problematic as the system we are migrating has around 2 million documents.

We eventually took a brute force approach to find the problem records:

  • Extract each record to a single file
  • Read these files and write them to DocumentDB and delete those that worked.

Eventually we found the 40 problem records. These were deleted from the source system and manually inserted into the new.

Eventually we found other problems with DocumentDB that prevented us from using it for the final database (we moved it to another MongoDB provider).

We now have no MongoDB’s on the platform that is being decommissioned.

Windows Updates and FreeAVG

Most developers are used to being the technical support for friends and family. The latest incident that I have found was slow to fix.

My mother has a Windows 10 laptop that had started to show the “You are currently running a version of Windows that’s nearing the end of support. We recommend you update to the most recent version of Windows 10 now to get the latest features and security improvements” message.

She started to apply the suggested update, waited a while and the update uninstalled itself.

At this point I was called on to help.

I restarted the update process and it eventually prompted that a HP utility was no longer compatible and needed to be removed. This triggered a restart cycle.

At the next restart and update it suggested that freeavg needed to be upgraded or removed. I went for the simple option of uninstalling and downloading a fresh copy. Three reboots later the update manager repeated the same message about freeavg.

This was followed by an uninstall of freeavg, a restart and another trigger of the update to 1903. Again it asked for FreeAVG to be uninstalled (which was interesting as the add/remove program dialog did not include FreeAVG.

Eventually I found a freeavg stand alone uninstaller. This worked on the second attempt (hint: when it suggests booting into safe mode, it’s not kidding).

Another reboot/update cycle had the update working. It only took 3 hours from first update to fully upgraded.

I don’t know if this is expected behaviour for a mass market operating system. If I wrote code that required this level of hand holding then I would be expected to do the install myself.

How an end user that is not very tech savvy is expected to get this working is beyond me.

When I got home I looked to update my even older windows 10 laptop. The 1803 update failed with an error message to search for, and am now attempting to use the Windows 10 update assistant v1903 to get my machine updated.